The findings revealed that TCZ women of years of
The findings revealed that TCZ women of 18–29 years of age had knowledge about the nature of Pap smear as compared to other categories, and they also knew that if cervical cancer was detected early, medication and other early forms of interventions could be initiated to deal with the problem before it progressed. Additionally, they had high knowledge about the fact that cervical cancer was the second largest killer among the female population. Most of the women were aware that a Pap smear procedure was inexpensive; in fact, the cost of a Pap smear in public health institutions in Zimbabwe is US$5.
Although the knowledge and attitudes of these TCZ women were relatively high and positive towards understanding the development and treatment of cervical cancer, their practices involving the prevention of cervical cancer were poor. Thus, their age, tribe, level of education and even marital status did not have a positive influence on practices regarding the prevention of cervical cancer. Such findings concurred with the study publicized by Al-Meer et al. on female teachers in Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates; these women had significant knowledge about Pap smear but did not commonly practice it24. A study about the factors affecting attitudes toward colorectal cancer screening found that ethnicity had an impact on screening. Interestingly, black-Caribbean participants showed greater intentions to get screened compared to white respondents.
The research suggested that negative attitudes towards screening were influenced by culture. Although some studies have shown that positive attitude may result in an improved participation in screening, a study in Niger among market women revealed that although there was a good attitude towards cervical cancer screening (80.4%), their level of practicing such screening was low (15.4%).
In this study, we had confirmed that the majority of women in TCZ had not been screened for cervical cancer, and a significant portion of the sodium salt was influenced by the belief that Pap smear tests were frightening and painful to indulge. Research evidence has shown that noncompliance with cervical cancer screening has been the predominant problem among women in various contexts despite their age, tribe, level of education and marital status. Studies have indicated that knowledge about cervical cancer, and utilization of that knowledge should be accompanied by courage, confidence and wisdom regarding when and how to apply such an understanding to help combat a very persistent cervical cancer problem.
Conflict of interest
Introduction Gastric cancer frequently occurs in elderly populations. Based on data from the nation health insurance in Taiwan, gastric cancer is the seventh-most common cancer among all types of cancers. In an estimated epidemiology result from the United States in 2015, approximately new 25,000 cases will be diagnosed and 11,000 people will die of this disease. Despite recent data showing the incidence of gastric cancer has declined owing to the eradication of Helicobacter pylori and early diagnosis by endoscopy techniques, the survival rate of patients with advanced/metastatic gastric cancer is still low. In metastatic gastric cancer usually has a rapid progressive and fulminant disease course because it can metastasize to visceral organs in the early disease stages. In a recent study, HER2/neu, a common marker utilized in breast cancer, was reported to be amplified in 7–34% of gastric cancer cases In gastric cancer with signet-ring morphology, HER2/neu amplification commonly shows strong, diffuse expression in the tumor cells. Although the current literature shows that the prognostic role of HER2/neu in gastric cancer is still controversial, several studies demonstrate that there is poor survival (overall survival 12.5 months) in patients presenting with both primary and metastatic lesions, and that this marker can be used as a prognostic marker. In addition, in this type of gastric cancer, fulminant disease courses and unusual sites of metastases were observed. Herein, we describe a case of adenocarcinoma of the gastric origin and with a fulminant disease course of pericardium metastases complicated by pericarditis and cardiac tamponade.